WHAT IS A 504 PLAN?
Reasonable Accommodation / 504 Plans
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 is a federal civil rights/nondiscrimination statute that guarantees all students equal access to their education. Section 504 requires identification, evaluation, provision of appropriate services and procedural safeguards.
Under Section 504, classroom teachers and other general education staff are responsible for providing reasonable accommodations and/or services necessary for eligible students to participate in and benefit from public education.
If a child does not require special education or is not eligible for Special Education services, he or she may be eligible for a 504 Plan. A student is eligible if he or she has a permanent, medically documented physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities.
Physical or mental impairments include physiological disorders, disfigurements, mental or psychological disorders, emotional or mental illness and specific learning disabilities. If the student has one of these handicaps and it impacts major life activities such as learning, the student may qualify for a 504 Plan.
Section 504 prohibits districts from the following (34 CFR Section 104.4):
- Excluding an individual with a disability from participation in any district program or activity;
- Denying an individual with a disability the benefits of any district program or activity;
- Subjecting an individual with a disability to discrimination solely by reason of his/her disability.
Substantial Limitation: A substantial limitation is a limitation that affects a person’s ability to perform an activity in relation to the average person in the general population. The student is not compared to their peer group, but to the average person in the general population. In determining whether a student’s disability substantially limits a major life activity entitling the student to a free and appropriate public education (FAPE), districts will usually focus on behavior and learning.
In the 2008 reauthorization, it was clarified that impairments which are episodic or in remission are a disability if they would substantially limit a major life activity when active.
Major Life Activity: Major life activities are activities the average person in the general population can perform with little or no difficulty, such as caring for one’s self, performing manual tasks, walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, breathing, learning, working, standing, lifting, thinking, concentrating, interacting with others, sleeping, bending, reading, thinking, and communication. (42 USC Section 12102(1)(B).
For information regarding 504 Plans, IEPs or Special Education, please contact the site principal or the Director of Special Education, Jennifer Willis, at (510) 818-4209 or [email protected]